What is the role of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) phenolic compounds in the intestinal microflora?

What is the role of Yerba Mate’s phenolic compounds?

(Ilex paraguariensis) in the intestinal microflora?

The content on the website comes from ScienceDirect and has been translated into Polish.

Link to source –  https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26408319/

Overview of the most important events

Diet accounts for 60% of the variability in the composition of the intestinal microflora.•

Phenols in the intestinal microflora act as substrates for the growth of microorganisms.•

Biotransformation of phenolic compounds by the microbiome makes them more bioactive.•

Yerba mate phenols may be a new approach to modulating intestinal microflora.•

Yerba mate phenols can be incorporated into your diet to promote health benefits.


The diet actively affects  the intestinal microflora  and  body homeostasis  . The predominance of beneficial species results in symbiosis, while  dysbiosis  is characterized by an imbalance between  microbial communities  . Food plays a key role in this dynamic and in promoting individual health. Ilex paraguariensis  , also known as yerba mate, is a traditional Latin American plant that has a complex matrix of bioactive substances including  methylxanthines  ,  triterpenes  ,  saponins  , and phenols. Consuming yerba mate is associated with  antioxidant , cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity effects. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have been conducted on the effect of yerba mate as a factor modulating intestinal microflora. Phenols are the main compounds contained in yerba mate and are reported to modulate  the microbiome  . In this review, we investigate the effects of yerba mate as a possible stimulator of intestinal microflora and present its main phenolic compounds and their biological effects. We also propose different mechanisms of action of these phenols and possible doses for their effectiveness.

Graphical summary

Ilex paraguariensis as a potential stimulant of intestinal microflora through its phenolic composition.

Image 1

The content on the website comes from ScienceDirect and has been translated into Polish.

Link to source –  https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26408319/